Grammatica Hotline -present continuous : come si forma

present continuous : come si forma

Il present continuous inglese, detto anche present progressive, si forma con il presente del verbo essere ( to be ) seguito dalla ing form del verbo principale.
La ing form del verbo e’ chiamata participio presente. 

forma affermativa del present continuous inglese I am working  (Sto lavorando)
You are working (Stai lavorando)
He is working (Lui sta lavorando)
She is working (Lei sta lavorando)
It is working (Sta funzionando)
We are working (Stiamo lavorando)
You are working (Stai lavorando)
They are working (Loro stanno lavorando)

forma negativa del present continuous inglese
I am not working (non sto lavorando)
You are not working (Non stai lavorando)
He is not working (Egli non sta lavorando)
She is not working (Lei non sta lavorando)
It is not working (Non sta funzionando)
We are not working (Non stiamo lavorando)
You are not working ( Non stai lavorando)
They are not working (Loro non stanno lavorando)

le forme contratte sono le medesime del verbo to be : you’re oppure you aren’t etc

forma interrogativa
Am I working?  (Sto lavorando?)
Are you working? (Stai lavorando?)
Is he working? (Sta lavorando?)
Is she working? (Lei sta lavorando?)
Is it working? (Funziona?)
Are we working? (Stiamo lavorando?)
Are you working? (State lavorando?)
Are they working? (Stanno lavorando?)

 

The present continuous is used to talk about present situations which we see as short-term or temporary. We use the present simple to talk about present situations which we see as long-term or permanent.

In these examples, the action is taking place at the time of speaking.

  • It’s snowing in Canada.
  • Who is Linda talking to on the phone?
  • Look, somebody is trying to steal David’s wallet.
  • I’m watching every move you make.

In these examples, the action is true at the present time but we don’t think it will be true in the long term.

  • I’m looking for a new apartment in the Valley.
  • David’s thinking about leaving his job.
  • Linda is making an appeal against the court judgment.
  • Are you getting enough sleep?

In these examples, the action is at a definite point in the future and it has already been arranged.

  • I’m meeting Linda at 6.30 tonight.
  • and Mrs. French aren’t arriving until Tuesday.
  • We are having a special dinner at a top restaurant for all the marketing people.
  • Isn’t the mysterious Politician coming to the dinner?

Written by

Vincent Towerpast

English Language Consultant for Business English courses and Journalist - Foreign Correspòndent